Monday, August 29, 2011

27th Alabama Infantry, Field and Staff Officer's and Unit History, from Willis Brewer's "Alabama: Her History, Resources, War Record and Public Men, 1540-1872"

This regiment was organized at St. Heinian, Tennessee, a number of companies having flocked to that point, in the winter of 1861. Ordered to Fort Henry, the regiment shared in the defence of that place, but retired before its surrender, and formed part of the garrison of Fort Donelson. It took part in that memorable conflict, and was there surrendered. A number of the command were in hospitals, &c, and these were not captured, but organized into two companies, joined the Thirty-third Mississippi, and lost 8 killed and 25 wounded at the battle of Perryville. The main body of the regiment was exchanged in September 1862, and was ordered to Port Hudson, where it was joined by the other two companies. It remained in that quarter during the winter, and was brigaded under Gen. Buford of Kentucky, Loring's division. It was then in the trenches at Jackson for ten days, and retreated with the army across the Pearl. The regiment passed the winter at Canton, and in the spring of 1864 was sent to the vicinity of Tuscumbia to recruit, being greatly reduced in numbers. A detachment of the regiment crossed the Tennessee, and captured about 100 of the enemy in April 1864. It was soon after ordered to Dalton, and placed in Scott's brigade with the Twelfth Louisiana, and Thirty-fifth, Forty-ninth, Fifty-fifth, and Fifty-seventh Alabama regiments - Loring's division, Stewart's corps. The Twenty-seventh was from that time forward a sharer in the vicisitudes of the Army of Tennessee, fighting with much loss throughout the Atlanta-Dalton campaign, and forming part of the last confederate wave of battle as it swept beyond the bloody abatis at Franklin, and beat vainly against the gates of Nashville. A mere skeleton of the regiment proceeded to the Carolinas, where it was consolidated with the Thirty-fifth, Forty-ninth, and Fifty-seventh Alabama regiments, and was surrendered at Greensboro, N.C. April 1865.

Field and Staff

Colonels - A.A. Hughes of Franklin; captured at Fort Donelson; died in the service. James Jackson of Lauderdale; wounded at Kennesa.

Lieutenant Colonels - James Jackson; captured at Fort Donelson; promoted. Edward McAlexander of Lauderdale.

Majors - Edward McAlexander; captured at Fort Donelson; promoted. R.G. Wright of Franklin.

Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came.*

Franklin - J.B. Moore; till re-organized. Robert Watson; superceded. H. Rodgers; wounded at Kinston.

Franklin - R.G. Wright; captured at Fort Donelson; promoted. F. LeB. Goodwin.

Lauderdale - Empson B. Dudley; captured at Fort Donelson; wounded in Georgia.

Lawrence - H.B. Irwin of Lawrence; captured at Fort Donelson; wounded at Kinston.

Lauderdale - T.A. Jones; till re-organized. Rob't Andrews.

Madison - .... Roberts; till re-organized. John Corn.

Franklin - Tho's B. M'Cullough; transferred. W.A. Isbell; killed at Baker's Creek. S.S. Anderson; wounded at Franklin.

Morgan - ..... Humphrey; till re-organized. John B. Stewart.

Lawrence - Henry A. McGhee; resigned. Tho's McGhee.

Lauderdale - Hugh L. Ray; captured at Fort Donelson.

*Capt. Wm. Word, commanding one of the companies in this regiment attached to the Thirty-third Mississippi, was killed at Perryville.

Monday, August 15, 2011

26th - 50th Alabama Infantry, Field and Staff Officer's and Unit History, from Willis Brewer's "Alabama: Her History, Resources, War Record and Public Men, 1540-1872"

This regiment was organized at Corinth, in March 1862, by the consolidation of two battalions then recently recruited. Placed in the brigade of Gen. Gladden, it fought at Shiloh with a loss of 12 killed and 111 wounded out of about 700 engaged. Gen. Gardner having taken command of the brigade -- the Nineteenth, Twenty-second, Twenty-fifth, Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth and Thirty-ninth Alabama regiments -- the Twenty-sixth Fiftieth moved into Kentucky, and lost about 20 men in combat with Gen. Sill's division. It participated in the battle of Murfreesboro, with a loss of about 200 men in casualties of 600 engaged. The regiment wintered at Tullahoma, and was with the army when it fell back. Now under Gen. Deas as brigadier, the regiment moved to the assault at Chicamauga about 500 strong, of which about one-fifth were killed or wounded. It was in the line at Mission Ridge, and lost about 45 men, mostly captured. On the retreat from Dalton, where it had wintered, the regiment performed arduous and active service, fighting nearly every day. In the bloody battles around Atlanta the regiment lost very heavily, but at Jonesboro the list of casualties was small. It then moved into Tennessee with Gen. Hood, and was badly mutilated at Franklin. The regiment subsequently proceeded to the Carolinas, and it was at Kinston that a line of skirmishers, 40 strong, principally from it, under Captain E.B. Vaughan, captured a stand of colors and 300 men of the 15th Connecticut. The Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth laid down its arms at Greenesboro, N.C., with Gen. Johnston's forces.

Field and Staff

Colonel -- John G. Coltart of Madison; wounded at Shiloh and Atlanta.

Lieutenant Colonels -- Wm. D. Chaddick of Madison; resigned. Newton Nash Clements of Tuskaloosa.

Majors -- .... Gwin of Tennessee; wounded at Shiloh; resigned. N.N. Clements; promoted. Thomas H. Gilbert of Limestone; resigned. John C. Hutto of Walker.

Adjutant -- John C. Bruckner of Madison; killed at Atlanta.

Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came.

Calhoun -- .... Sappington; resigned. T.T. Lankford; retired. Martin Walker.

Limestone -- T.H. Gilbert; promoted. J. Archie Ray.

Jackson -- Lemuel G. Meade; resigned. James E. Daniel.

Blount -- George Arnold; killed at Atlanta. John Elrod.

Limestone -- James H. Malone; resigned. John B. McClellan; transferred. William Richardson.

Tuskaloosa -- N.N. Clements; promoted. John D. Burgin.

Walker and Fayette -- John C. Clemons; resigned. E. B. Vaughan.

Walker -- John C. Hutto; promoted.

Lauderdale -- John C. Haynie; resigned. Robert Donald.

Walker and Fayette -- ...... Wooten; resigned. John B. McClellan.

26th Alabama Infantry, Field and Staff Officer's and Unit History, from Willis Brewer's "Alabama: Her History, Resources, War Record and Public Men, 1540-1872"

This regiment was organized at Tuscumbia in the summer of 1861, and soon after went to Virginia. It was in camp of instruction at Richmond during the fall and winter, and in March 1862 was moved to Yorktown, and placed in the brigade of Gen. Rains of Tennessee. It was under fire there for six weeks, with few casualties. Gen. Jos. E. Johnston led the regiment into position at Williamsburg, where its loss was inconsiderable. At Richmond it was placed in the brigade of Gen. Rodes of Tuskaloosa - shortly after re-organized so as to embrace the Third, Fifth, Sixth, Twelfth, and Twenty-sixth Alabama regiments - and lost 22 per cent of its numbers in casualties at Seven Pines. The Twenty-sixth was also hotly engaged at Gaines' Mill, Frazier's Farm, and Malvern Hill, emerging from the effects of those terrible struggles with only 300 of the 600 with which it entered, the others having gone down in the carnage of battle. The regiment was in the van of the army as it moved over the Potomac and fought at Boonsboro and Sharpsburg, losing in those two battles 10 killed and 45 wounded. Having wintered on the Rappahannock, the Twenty-sixth was present at Fredericksburg. In the grand advance of Jackson's corps at Chancellorsville - Col. O'Neal leading the brigade - the regiment lost very heavily, but its colors floated at the front. It then moved into Pennsylvania, and took part in the battle of Gettysburg, with a loss of 7 killed, 58 wounded, and 65 missing. Retiring with the army into Virginia, the Twenty-sixth skirmished at Kelly's Ford and Mine Run. During the winter, the Alabama legislature petitioned to have the regiment sent home to recruit its thinned ranks, and it remained a short time at Pollard. Ordered to Dalton in the spring of 1864, it was placed in Cantey's brigade, and lost gradually but largely in the almost incessant battle from Dalton to Atlanta. Having marched with Gen. Hood into Tennessee, the regiment was badly cut up at Nashville, and only a remnant surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina, to which place it had been transferred with the forces.

Field and Staff

Colonels - Wm. R. Smith of Tuskaloosa; resigned. E.A. O'Neal; wounded at Seven Pines, Boonsboro, Chancellorsville.

Lieutenant Colonel - John S. Garvin of Tuskaloosa; wounded at Chancellorsville and Franklin.

Majors - R.D. Reddin of Fayette; resigned. D.F. Bryan of Fayette.

Adjutant - S.B. Moore of Madison.

Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came.

Fayette - .... Moore; resigned. E.M. Vandiver; wounded at Chancellorsville.

Fayette - .... Newton; resigned. J.M. Harton.

Fayette - D.M. Gideon.

Fayette - H.H. Reid; resigned. Sidney B. Smith.

Marion - D.F. Bryan; promoted. E.M. Turner.

Marion - .... Lefoy.

Marion - J.S. White; resigned. J.W. White.

Fayette - W.H. Lindsey.

Fayette - Elbert Leach.

F.M. Smith, Captain of Sharpshooters.

25th Alabama Infantry, Field and Staff Officer's and Unit History, from Willis Brewer's "Alabama: Her History, Resources, War Record and Public Men, 1540-1872"

This regiment was organized at Mobile in December 1861 by the consolidation of two battalions. It remained in that vicinity under Gen. Gladden, the regiment fought at Shiloh, where its casualties were 15 killed and 75 wounded. Placed under Gen. Gardner, with the Nineteenth, Twenty-second, Thirty-ninth, and Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth, the Twenty-fifth met with trifling loss at Farmington. It moved into Kentucky with Gen. Bragg from the Chattanooga base, but was not engaged in any action. It came back, and participated at Murfreesboro - Col. Loomis commanding the brigade - with a loss of 13 killed, 88 wounded, and 16 missing, out of about 250 present for duty. The regiment - Gen. Deas in command of the brigade - fell back with the army, and was fearfully mutilated. It again suffered severely at Missionary Ridge, but wintered and recruited at Dalton. All along the bloody track of the hostile armies through north Georgia, the Twenty-fifth left a record, especially at New Hope. At Atlanta, July 22, the regiment lost 49 per cent of its force, but captured two stands of colors, and more prisoners than it numbered. Six days later, near the same spot, the Twenty-fifth again lost very heavily. It was engaged at Jonesboro without severe loss, but suffered considerably at Columbia, on Hood's arrival in middle Tennessee. At Franklin the regiment again lost largely, and at Nashville its loss was not light, but it preserved its organization on the retreat. Proceeding to the Carolinas, the Twenty-fifth was in Sherman's front, with some casualties at Columbia and Kinston, and with large loss at Bentonville. Consolidated with the Nineteenth, Twenty-second, Thirty-ninth, and Twenty-sixth-Fiftieth, the regiment was shortly after surrendered at Goldsboro, having about 75 men of the old Twenty-fifth present for duty.

Field and Staff

Colonels - John Q. Loomis of Coosa; wounded at Shiloh and Murfreesboro; resigned. Geo. D. Johnston; promoted.

Lieutenant Colonels - Wm. B. McClellan of Talladega; resigned; George D. Johnston; promoted.

Major - George D. Johnston of Perry; promoted.

Adjutant - John Stout of Coosa; wounded at Murfreesboro, Atlanta and Franklin.

Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came.

Covington - M. Harper; killed at Shiloh. Charles Corege; resigned. Bushrod W. Bell.

Pike - John B. Curtis; resigned. N.B. Rouse.

Shelby - WileyPope; resigned. Lieut. Pledger commanded.

St. Clair - A.W. Nixon; resigned. H. Lewis Morris; wounded and captured at Murfreesboro; wounded at New Hope and Franklin.

Pickens - D.M. Richards; wounded and captured at Mission Ridge.

Randolph - Wm. A. Handley; wounded at Murfreesboro; resigned. F.M. Handley; wounded at Franklin.

Talladega - Joseph D. McCann; resigned. Archibald A. Patterson; killed at Murfreesboro. Silas P. Bradford.

Talladega and St. Clair - Edmund Turner; resigned. William Spruce; wounded at Chicamauga.

Coffee and Pike - D.P. Costello; wounded at Shiloh; killed at Murfreesboro. Dan'l C. Monroe; wounded at Chicamauga.

Calhoun - Mathew Alexander; resigned. W.B. Howell; wounded at Atlanta and Bentonville.

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Commanders in Chief of the United Confederate Veterans, 1889-1951.

Commanders in Chief of the United Confederate Veterans
  • John B. Gordon 1889-1904
  • Stephen D. Lee 1904-1908
  • W.L. Cabell 1908-1909
  • Clem A. Evans 1909-1911
  • George W. Gordon 1911-1912
  • C.I. Walker 1912-1913
  • Bennett H. Young 1913-1916
  • George P. Harrison 1916-1919
  • K.M. Van Zandt 1919-1921
  • Julian S. Carr 1921-1923
  • Wm. B. Halderman 1923-1924
  • James A. Thomas 1924-1925
  • Walker B. Freeman 1925-1926
  • M.D. Vance 1926-1927
  • J.C. Foster 1927-1928
  • Albert T. Goodwyn 1928-1929
  • Richard A. Sneed 1929-1930
  • Len W. Stephens 1930-1931
  • Charles A. DeSaussure 1931-1932
  • Homer T. Atkinson 1932-1934
  • Rice A. Pierce 1934-1935
  • Harry R. Lee 1935-1936
  • Homer T. Atkinson 1936-1937
  • John M. Claypool 1937-1938
  • John W. Harris 1938-1939
  • Julius F. Howell 1939-1941
  • John M. Claypool 1941-1942
  • John W. Harris 1942-1943
  • Homer T. Atkinson 1943-1945
  • William Banks 1945-1946
  • William Henry Taylor Dowling 1946-1947
  • James W. Moore 1947-1948
  • Wm. M. Buck 1948-1949
  • James W. Moore 1949-1951